Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> en-US ajmal13101@gmail.com (Muhammad Ajmal Khan) editor.alsharq@gmail.com (Muhammad Ajmal Khan) Thu, 28 Dec 2023 12:41:35 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 غلام رسول سعیدی ؒ کی علمی خدمات کا تحقیقی جائزہ https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/79 <p><em>This article delves into the remarkable life and contributions of Allama Ghulam Rasool Saeedi, a distinguished religious scholar, researcher, exegete, Muhaddith, and jurist of profound eminence. Through a meticulous examination of his extensive body of work, the study establishes Allama Saeedi's exalted position in the realms of Islamic research, highlighting his significant impact on the scholarly landscape. The article meticulously reviews 13 widely acclaimed books penned by Allama Saeedi, showcasing the depth of his intellectual prowess and the breadth of his contributions to Islamic knowledge. His works span a diverse array of topics, reflecting his comprehensive understanding of religious discourse and his commitment to disseminating valuable insights to the community. Despite his numerous accomplishments, the article sheds light on the spiritual dimension of Allama Saeedi's life. It explores the profound sense of piety that permeated every moment of his existence, exemplified by his unwavering fear of God and his persistent prayers for the preservation and flourishing of the Islamic faith. A unique aspect of Allama Saeedi's life is unveiled as the article addresses his lifelong celibacy. It investigates how his singular dedication to the provision of knowledge services led him to forego marriage, allowing him to devote himself entirely to his scholarly pursuits. Through this sacrifice, Allama Saeedi exemplified a rare level of commitment to his mission, leaving an indelible mark on the annals of Islamic scholarship. In conclusion, this article offers a comprehensive review of Allama Ghulam Rasool Saeedi's life and legacy, celebrating his multifaceted contributions to Islamic knowledge and highlighting the profound personal choices that defined his commitment to the service of God and the dissemination of religious wisdom</em></p> Muhammad Farooq, Farida Noreen , Hafiz Muhammad Masood Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/79 Thu, 28 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 اسلامی تصورِ احتساب کے أصول واقسام https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/80 <p>Accountability is a divine practice, where humans, as Allah's stewards, are sent for a period as representatives to implement divine commands, forming the basis for judgment in the afterlife. It is inherent to all revealed and non-revealed religions and laws.Personal, familial, societal, cultural, and civilizational accountability encompass the various dimensions of this process, affecting individuals and spanning past and future generations. Starting with the creation of Prophet Adam, accountability evolved through a sequence, reaching its pinnacle during the era of the final Prophet Prophet Muhammad imparted principles and guidelines of accountability, applying them across all facets of society and removing obstacles on its path. Understanding the principles and types of accountability is crucial, as the Quran and Sunnah guide us in this matter. Ignoring foundational principles hinders the attainment of accurate results. Knowledge of the types of accountability is equally vital to comprehend the various contexts in which accountability is practiced.</p> Kh.Awais Ahmed, Dr.Sayed Azkia Hashimi Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/80 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 جرائم سےتحفظ اوربچوں کی تربیت اسلامی شریعت کےتناظرمیں https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/81 <p>It is very important to keep children safe and away from crimes. Taking care of children and taking care of their rights is one of the important responsibilities of parents, guardians, and other members of the society and the state. When one in them lacks behind in responsibilities, as a result, the child involves in crimes and gets stuck in different dangerous swamp. In Islam, there is a command to deal with children with compassion and gentleness. The one who punishes a child without any reason will be punished severely and will be given penalty. As a precaution, it is not permissible to punish children without committing any mistake. However, there is a concept of punishing children in Islam for committing mistakes. It is very important to keep the child's psychology and age in mind while giving punishment. It is forbidden to punish the child for a small mistake. It is ordered to adopt a gradual method while giving punishment to the children. Children can only be punished by hand. It is not permissible to hit with a stick etc. The condition for hitting with the hand is also that it should not be more than three times. It is strictly prohibited to hit the body with such force that the body becomes scarred or injured or a bone is broken. It is not permissible to hit the sensitive parts of the body (face, stomach, pubic area, etc.). In case of coercion, the child can also be punished with imprisonment.</p> Muhammad Zahid, Muhammad Jahangir , Mazhar Ali Shah Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/81 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 برصغیرمیں فکرمغرب کا آغازوارتقاء اورفکرمغرب کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/82 <p>Western is a vast and comprehensive topic. As the civilization, tradition and culture depicts the overall thought of nation, so in order whatever western nations be, we have to accept the period of western thought. Throughout the time of Holy Prophet (SAW) himself conveyed massages to different rulers and regards. When we talk of beginning and evaluation of western thought in the subcontinent we find different opinions about it. According to an opinion the arrival of the vascodegama was the violence of “European effects” in Hindustan. But in true sense the activities of the East India company are imagined only step for western effects in subcontinent. The west not only destroyed sub content with its law. This supremacy of the west resulted in unfathomed and deep ties, among India and westernize found its deep roots in the various aspects of Indians. The process of this fusion begun in the last half of the 48<sup>th</sup> century but infect it were limited till 1857AD. So it can be taken as the preliminary epoch of the story, which commenced properly after 1857. It is also a fact that the East India Company which was a ruler after 1857 was connected to the British parliament after wards. Indian throne become a regal the throne of Britain and Indian life started to get affected from west directly. The research in view relates in the article the beginning evaluation and analytical study of the western thought in the subcontinent.</p> Dr.Attaullah, Sadaqat Khan , Dr. Syed Ayaz Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/82 Sun, 31 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 حل التلوث البيئي في العالم المعاصر في ضوء السيرة النبوية https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/83 <p>The nature has been put subservient to the man by Allah Almighty and the Islam being a natural religion puts utmost emphasis on guiding its followers for living such a life which is not harmful for the nature and environment. Actually, all the natural resources have been created by Allah Almighty for the comfort and wellbeing of mankind. The life of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is replete with the sayings and incidents when he practically highlighted the importance of protecting the weak and natural environment. He instructed the Muslims to never harm the beasts of burden, birds, trees and all the living creatures which do not harm the human being. Therefore, there is no doubt that different types of pollution can be not only handled but also eradicated by following the guidelines related to the cleanliness and hygienic lifestyle given by our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).</p> Dr. Lubna Farah, Saad Jaffar Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/83 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 محکمہ امور دینیہ آزاد کشمیر کے شعبہ افتا کے مسائل اور ان کا حل ایک تحقیقی جائزہ https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/84 <p>Department of religious affairs Azad Kashmir independent government of the state of Jammu and Kashmir which is the base camp of independence movement of Kashmir ,the extremely important importance of the feedback for all other institutions the role of religions and religious matters and corporate society is very important in the community .which needs to be&nbsp; studied and analysed .so that they can point out&nbsp; the weaknesses as well as with their performance .Due to the reason they cannot fully succeed to pay their active and effective role and point out the reforms which can help them and&nbsp; they can improtheir performance active and affective The purpose of this department is to awaken the real spirit of religion is the basic of independenceofKashmirmovementbase camp.Fundamentally,for the solution problems to eradicate the evils department (Amar-bil-maroof wa Nahi –Anel- Munkar )is the need to establish which is actually the responsibility of the present government .As a result of this the government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir established a department in the name of department Ifta(for the solution of problems)in 1949.Then its name passing through different phases was named as department (Amur- e- Dinya)Azad Kashmir along with the role and impact of this department there are many issues which will be pointed out and appropriate&nbsp; suggestions and recommendations will be made for their solution in this competition. Which Inshaallah will be of great help to the people of Azad Kashmir for social and economic development.</p> Mohammad Rafiq, Dr. Sajid Mehmood Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/84 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 تصوف کے بارے میں راشد شاز کے نظریات کا ناقدانہ جائزہ https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/85 <p class="EnglishQuote" style="text-indent: .5in;">Sufism is actually a spiritual treatment and is a field like other fields of religion, just as in other fields due to wrong ideas, it does not make any difference to the real problem, in the same way Sufism itself is affected by the inclusion of wrong beliefs and ideas in Sufism. It is not correct to say that it is wrong and to call the Sufis irreligious and heretical. In this article, Rashid Shahz's ideas about Sufism will be critically evaluated and it will be clarified that Sufism is not a new religion and Sufism is based on the Qur'an and There is no name for something contradictory to Hadith, Sufism is an important source of closeness to God. In this article, these same questions will be answered.When did Sufism begin? Was Sufism found in Prophethood and Companions? Is Sufism a new religion against religion? Is Sufism the cause of distance from Islam? In this article, an analytical method of research will be adopted, the words that have been spoken about Sufism will be examined in the light of the original arguments, thus its positive and negative aspects will be evaluated and the results obtained will be mentioned. Sufism is not a new religion, but it is the completion of the Muhammadan religion, and those methods which do not contradict the Qur'an and Hadith are recommended and practicable, and points which are contrary to the principles of religion should be abandoned, which is the right and duty of every Muslim to point out.</p> Abdul Razzaq, Muhammad Umair Khan, Muhammad Mahroof Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/85 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ڈاکٹرمحمد اکرم ضیاء العمری کی "سیرت النبویہ الصحیحہ "کے منہجِ سیرت کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/86 <p class="EnglishQuote">This research work aims to explore the methodology employed by Dr. Zia al-Umari in his compilation "Al-Sirah Al-Nabawiyyah Al-Sahihah." The researcher will elucidate the approach through referencing Quranic verses and Prophetic traditions, providing clarity on the process of citing evidence. Towards the conclusion, a comparative analysis has also been conducted, juxtaposing the citation methods of Dr. Zia al-Umari with those of several other biographers.</p> Muhammad Sabir, Abdul Qadeer Siddiq, ABDUL BAQI Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/86 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ڈاکٹر محمد الصلابی کی کتاب " السیرۃ النبویہ عرض وقائع و تحلیل احداث" کا منہج و اسلوب https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/87 <p class="EnglishQuote">The study of the Prophet's biography, known as Seerat, has been ongoing for centuries, but Western cultural influences have given rise to a new trend in Seerat studies. Muslim biographers have transitioned from narrating historical events to focusing on the practical aspects of the Prophet's life. This shift has not only expanded the breadth of Seerat literature but has also introduced new methodologies and approaches.On one hand, there has been a proliferation in the literature exploring the practical dimensions of Seerat, while on the other hand, a new style and methodology have become prevalent. Muslims, benefiting from practical guidance in their daily lives, have also found solutions to contemporary economic, social, political, cultural, national, international, and ideological challenges through Seerat.This evolving trend has led to the emergence of a new discipline called "Fiqh al-Seerah." This approach aims to derive insights, wisdom, morals, practical lessons, and general guidelines from the events and life of the Prophet. This interdisciplinary method not only enriches Seerat literature but also provides solutions to modern issues illuminated by the teachings of Seerat.The benefits of this approach are evident, as it has gained popularity in both Arab and non-Arab regions. The newfound methodology, known as Fiqh al-Seerah, has become a prominent feature in Seerat literature, serving as a guide for Muslims in various aspects of life and addressing contemporary challenges through the lens of Seerat.This paper highlights that the book written under the title of Fiqh al-Seerah by Dr. Muhammad Al-Salabi cover a wide range of topics, including treaties, military expeditions, national and international military and organizational principles, benefits, and laws. The findings of this research article contribute to a nuanced understanding of Hazrat Muhammad's seerat, offering insights that can inform interfaith dialogue, foster cultural understanding, and promote a deeper appreciation of the Prophet's legacy. The article concludes with reflections on the enduring significance of studying the seerat of Hazrat Muhammad in the pursuit of global harmony, justice, and compassion.</p> Muhammad Asif, Syed Zulfiqar shah, Muhammad Faisal Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/87 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 اسلام اور مغربی قوانینِ نکاح کے تاریخی پس منظر کا تقابل https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/88 <p class="EnglishQuote">This paper delves into the historical evolution of marriage laws within the Islamic and Western contexts, highlighting the distinctive cultural, religious, and socio-political factors that have shaped each system. By examining the historical background, this comparative study aims to elucidate the divergent paths taken by Islamic and Western societies in regulating marriage and family life.In the Islamic tradition, marriage is deeply rooted in religious teachings, with Quranic principles and Prophetic traditions serving as the foundation for legal frameworks governing marital relationships. The concept of marriage as a sacred bond ordained by God, encompassing rights and responsibilities for both spouses, has influenced Islamic jurisprudence throughout history. The evolution of Islamic marriage law reflects a balance between religious injunctions, customary practices, and socio-cultural norms, adapting to diverse regional contexts while retaining core principles of equity and justice.Contrastingly, the development of Western marriage laws has been influenced by a complex interplay of religious, philosophical, and legal traditions. From the Roman institution of marriage to the Christian sacrament and subsequent secularization, the Western conception of marriage has undergone significant transformations over centuries. Legal codes, such as those derived from Roman law, canon law, and later civil law, have shaped the contractual nature of marriage, emphasizing individual rights, property, and inheritance.This analysis explores key historical milestones, including the codification of marriage laws, the impact of colonialism and globalization, and contemporary debates surrounding marriage equality and gender rights. While both Islamic and Western traditions have sought to regulate marital unions and family structures, they have diverged in their approaches, reflecting distinct worldviews and social norms.By examining the historical trajectories of Islamic and Western marriage laws, this study contributes to a deeper understanding of the cultural, religious, and legal dynamics that continue to influence contemporary debates and practices surrounding marriage and family life in diverse societies.</p> Ahmad Saeed , Shams ul Arifeen Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/88 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 القيم التربوية في شعر الأطفال لمحمد إقبال في كتابہ " بانگ درا " أي صلصلة الجرس https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/89 <p>Poetry is an art and a unique way of expressing views in an amusing way that interpret the general feelings and emotions of the society. In this regard, children’s poetry is comparatively more sensitive in nature particularly as far as its educational aspect is concerned. Watered by meaningful poetry filled with the message of goodness, the growing flowers will give much more fragrance to the beneficiaries. No doubt, flowers are the children, beneficiaries are the people wile fragrance makes its appearance in the form of noble manners, whole heartedness, high character, obedience and a sense of responsibility. This nursery will thrive and assume the shape of a good product in the form of a strong nation. Keeping in view the understanding level and interest of the children, meaningful poetry can serve bitterly the nation through satisfying the needs of future generation. The present article discusses the educational values in children’s poetry of our national poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal found in his most famous book “Bangy Dara”. The poet has determined different moral values for children through his poetic expression.</p> Khawaja Faizullah, Dr. Muhammad Ayaz, Dr. Yahya Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) https://alsharqjr.com/index.php/home/article/view/89 Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000