Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> en-US (Muhammad Ajmal Khan) (Muhammad Ajmal Khan) Thu, 06 Jul 2023 02:40:10 -0400 OJS 60 حضرت آدم علیہ السلام کی زبان قرآن اور بائبل کی روشنی میں <p>Language and intellect are both gifts of God. Due to these two characteristics, mankind is superior to all living beings on earth. Here the question arises, that which language was the first language of the world? We have to types of theories to solve these types of questions. According to the religious theory, God created the first man, Adam and he created his wife, Eve’’ from the right rib of Adam. As God created them with his Divine power, He also infused in them the talent to speak.</p> <p>On other hand; the proponents of evolutionary theory one of the opinion that early humans copied the sounds of animals, birds and other phenomena of nature and formed their primitive language. There are some information in the Bible about the early language to the extent that people from Adam to Noah and their close descendants had one language. What kind of language was that? Bible is silent regarding this information. According to Islamic traditions, Adam's language was Arabic and Noah's language was Syriac. But according to modern Islamic researchers, Noah's language was Arooba, which is an old form of Arabic.</p> Dr. Samilul Haq, Prof. Dr. Miraj ul Islam Zia Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 Investigation and criticism of Iqbal Lahori on the analogy of revelation and religious experience based on the supreme wisdom <p>There are two main views about the nature and nature of revelation: propositional revelation and experiential revelation. Based on propositional revelation, God reveals truths and propositions to the Prophet, but based on experiential revelation, the Prophet had an encounter with God and Its interpretation conveys its encounter and religious experience to others. In his works, Iqbal did not speak explicitly about the meaning or nature of revelation, but there are two opinions about Iqbal, one is a famous and inferred opinion that he believed in the point of view of religious experience, but according to the second theory that was quoted from Iqbal himself in the book "Zinda Roud" that he He believes in language and propositional revelation, so there is no difference between the Supreme Wisdom and Iqbal Lahori's view on revelation, but according to the famous opinion, criticisms can be considered based on the Supreme Wisdom.</p> <p>This article, in fact, aims to criticize the famous view; It is based on transcendental wisdom. After describing the perspective of religious experience and its basic concepts, as well as the description of revelation from the perspective of transcendental wisdom, this article reviews and reviews this perspective, and the differences between revelation and religious experience based on transcendental wisdom.</p> Rajab Ali, Dr. Ali Abbasi Copyright (c) 2023 Al-Sharq (Journal of Religious Studies) Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 أثر النسخ في الآيات التي تتعلق بأحكام النفقات دراسة تحليلية مقارنة <p>Islam is code of nature. upon its believers Islam only Apply the things which have accordance with the nature , while implementing the rules, islam gives much consideration to the needs and interests of human. Therefore, sometimes there were some orders which were implemented just for the period of need and were abrogated after period of need ended. In shriah terminology This process of changing and abrogating the rules is known as abrogation. such nullified verses are known as abrogated verses.According to islamic jurisprudance zakat is one of the most important act. thatswhy i intend to present a research review on the abrogated verses related to zakat. so in this article that zakat verses are discussed which are proclaimed as abrogated verses.I have comprehensively studied the abrogated verses and it is a comparative studay between four books which are considered to be the main theological books of four famous school of thougth, those books is “Ahka’am-ul-Qur’an by al-jssa’as” “Mafa’teeh-ul-gha’ib by al-razi” “Ahka’am-ul-Qur’an by al-qurta’bi” and the last is “Al-libaab fi uloom-ul-kita’ab by Ib A’aidl”.</p> Dr Mufti Zia ur Rehman, Dr Muhammad Umar Farooq, Shahid Saleem Mughal Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 ترجمة القرآن وإستراتيجة الإضافة والحذف والإلغاء <p>Omission (Deletion), It is very natural that the Holy Qur’an comes in the mother tongue of the people of Arab peninsula, adopting their curricula and rhetorical methods, and investigating all these aspects miraculously. Omission is one of the mechanisms of expression in the Arabic language according to rules and conditions that must be respected. Knowledge about omission and its rhetoric is indispensable for every researcher in Arabic in general and in the Qur’an in particular because ignorance of this delicate course of action would result in much confusion and perhaps slander and accusation of the Holy Qur’an, and if the translation of the meanings of the Holy Qur’an requires first and foremost mastery of the two languages: the starting point (LD) and the goal (LA)of : grammar, rhetoric, lexicon, semantics and pragmatics, etc. so that the translation would be accurate, faithful and meaningful to an acceptable extent. In view of the many problems posed by the omission of the sentences in translating the meanings of the Holy Qur’an in general, and in the translation of Non Arabic in particular, researching the problem is an important matter, and accordingly the problem of this research is mainly related to the problem of translating the deletion of the sentences: the given sentence, and the sentence of the Ahkam (order) a few translators use method of including a few words and terms assumed from the context even as others left them by keeping what is apparent within the original.</p> Dr.Lubna Farah, Dr. Shahzada Imran Ayub Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 اخونزادہ مولانا حبیب الحق دیرویؒ کی تفسیر نکات القرآن فی تفسیرالقرآن کی سورۃالفاتحہ کا اسلوب تفسیرجواہرالقرآن کی روشنی میں ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p class="EnglishQuote"><span lang="EN-US">The Holy Quran is a divine book, and being non-Arab, it is difficult for a person to understand it. Therefore, the Islamic religious scholars have written its commentaries / explanatory books. Among these, one writer / scholar is Akhunzada Maulana Habib-Ul-Haq Dirvi, who has explained the Holy Quran in points. He has divided the Surah Fatiha into three main topics i.e. the Godship, the Creation and the Reward for the bad and good deeds. He has further divided these topics into four subjects i.e. Tawheed (Monotheism) with proofs, Prophethood, tidings (good news) for the Believers and punishment for the disobedient people. This is of course, the summary of the Holy Quran. He has also demarcated the limits of these subjects/ topics in the said Surah. He has also explained that the seven verses (Ayaat) of the Surah fatiha are the summaries of the seven Manazil of the Holy Quran. He has also explained that how to beg from Allah, we have to beg/request Allah with humbleness after praising Him.</span></p> Dr.Atta ullah , Khizar Hayat, Muhammad Umair Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 امام دبوسی ؒ کی تاسیس النظر میں حنفی مکتبہ فکر کےآئمہ ثلاثہ کےفقہی اُصول اوران پرمتفرع احکام کاایک تعارفی جائزہ <p>Principles of jurisprudence is an important subject of Islamic sciences. Through which jurisprudence rules are derived by making the Qur'an and Sunnah, the hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, the interaction of the companions and the traces as the basis and thus a separate knowledge comes into existence under the name of Islamic jurisprudence. However, it is worth mentioning that what is the source of the principles and rules of jurisprudence and jurisprudence?</p> <p>From the historical review of Islamic jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence, it is known that within the first four to five centuries of Islam, the jurists in the light of the transferable and non-transferable interpretations of the texts of the Qur'an and Hadith, and by keeping some customs and habits in front of the stains of the principles of jurisprudence. Bull put. Among those who first codified jurisprudence, rules and regulations in a formal order. He is Muhammad bin Idrees al-Shafi'i, whose Kitab al-Rasalat is a masterpiece in this regard and is a valuable asset of Islamic jurisprudential history.In the subject under consideration, as the title indicates, it is about the jurisprudential principles and the various rulings of the three Imams of the Hanafi school of thought, namely Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad, and the Imams of other religions such as Imam Zafar, there is a difference between Imam Malik, Imam Ibn Abi Laila and Imam Shafi'i. According to the plan, the research paper is divided into five chapters.</p> <p>The first chapter is purely introductory, in which the blessed life of the author of the book, Abu Zayd Ubaidullah bin Umar Al-Dubosi, and his scholarly endeavors, and in this context, the contents and book structure of his book "Tasis al-Nazar" will be discussed. While in the second chapter and its supplementary chapters, Imam Abu Hanifah and Sahibin, in the third chapter, the Sheikhs and Imam Muhammad, while in the fourth chapter, there is a mention of the principles of disagreement between the parties and Imam Abu Yusuf and the rulings related to them. While the fifth chapter is based on the principle of disagreement between the scholars and the related issues.</p> Hasan Jan, Dr.Mushtaq Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 ’’تفہیم القرآن ‘‘اور ’’جمال القرآن‘‘ کاباہمی لسانی جائزہ <p class="EnglishQuote"><span lang="EN-US">The Holy Qur'an has been translated into Urdu for better understanding of the final divine message of Allah almighty.Urdu is a major language in the subcontinent, and there are several translations of the Holy Qur’an in Urdu. The purpose of this article is to trace how the Quranic translations proved to be helpful in the development of Urdu. For this purpose, two prominent scholars, Molana Abul Ala Maududi and Justice Pir Karam Shah Alazhari, did a marvelous job in the field of Quran translations. The study traces the linguistic importance of their Urdu translation of the Qur'an. This effort shows how they kept the linguistic aspects in mind and has led to great growth in Urdu linguistics.</span></p> Muhammad Bilal Bakht Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 میر واعظ کشمیر مولا نا محمد یوسف شاہ کی دینی،سیاسی ،سماجی اورتصنیفی وتالیفی خدمات :تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p class="EnglishQuote"><span lang="EN-US">The Qur'an is the last message of guidance from God for mankind. As the scope of the spread of Islam expanded and those whose regional languages were completely different from Arabic began to embrace Islam, the Qur'an became the second. The need for translation into languages began to arise. But for a few hundred years, the rule of translation remained that the text of the Qur'an and its interpretation was exclusively Arabic and the non-Arabic language of the addressees for countries outside Arab borders. Used as a verbal understanding</span></p> <p class="EnglishQuote"><span lang="EN-US">The regular series of translations and commentaries in non-Arabic language began with the family of Shah Wali ullah. So Shah Wali ullah was the first to translate Quran into Persian and wrote footnotes in the name of Fath-ur-Rehman and his son Shah Abdul. Al-Aziz wrote Tafsir Fath-ul-Aziz in Persian language and the other sons took a step forward. The Mirwaiz family also benefited from the same Chashma Safi, so Maul Ana Muhammad Yahiya Shah translated the thirtieth paragraph into Kashmiri under the name of "Aachen Hind Gash" and later Maul Ana Yusuf Shah felt the need to a complete and comprehensive commentary should be written in Kashmiri language. Therefore, you translated the Holy Quran under the name of Fath-ul-Bayan. Thus, this translation was printed many times by Anjuman-e-Nusrat-ul-Islam, Srinagar. This article will present an analytical study of the religious, social, political and authorial services of Mirwaiz Maulana Muhammad Yusuf Shah for speared of Islam in Kashmir.</span></p> Dr Bashir Ahmad Malik, Dr Riffat Shaheen , Zafar Ahmad Khan Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 احیاء ارض موات اور اس کے شرائط عصری تناظر میں <p>In any country, the Shariah status of land and its ownership is very important. Man's survival depends on the land and its production from the time of Adam (peace be upon him) until now. Man has depended on the production of the land to maintain the relationship between body and soul, while the rest of the Sunnahs are also dependent on the production of the land and its praise. Even in the present age, the great majority is forced to adopt this professon. Because the rest of the creatures get sustenance by simply looking for it and man must produce his own food. Since land ownership is a fundamental issue that needs elaboration. What was the status of land ownership at the time of the holy Prophet SAW? And the legitimate means of land ownership in the light of Quran and Hadith.</p> Maaz Aziz, Dr. Gul Zada Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 اما م سرخسی کے منہج ِ استحسان کا تحقیقی جائزہ <p>Researching from the knowledge capital (books) of the Imams is one of those difficult tasks, in which no two people can disagree. One of the reasons for this is the confusion of words (special words) through which the material is used. (Scientific facts) arranged was done, or another reason for this difficulty is the format of the research material in which the material was arranged; The issues discussed in the ancient madunas are not found in the current situation, as ta'seel has now been included in the Hanafi's&nbsp; minhaj. Which&nbsp; is different from other principled madrasahs and schools of jurisprudence in terms of origin and branch, due to which the researcher has to face a lot of difficulty in understanding the minhaj (point of view) of the Hanafi Imams, even though that research is based on a minor discussion.</p> <p>When the writer of the paper turned the pages of Imam Abu Bakr Sarkhsi's books with the intention of studying them for their appreciation, he found the "Usul al-Sarkhsi" in his books according to the previous reasons, even though Imam Sarkhsi's The Hanafi imams of the fifth century and their The first of the basic principles of Islamic law is done in Madoonin, but they also did not abandon the style of the principle of taseel due to the differences in the imitation of their imams of jurisprudence and principles. Un coordinated; Especially when If the problems take the form of argumentation in Istishan, then there is delay in the sentences.</p> Dr Muhammad Atiq ur Rahman, Dr. Jan Gul Copyright (c) 2023 Fri, 30 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 مصطلح ’’صحیح ‘‘ نقاد متقدمین کی تطبیقات کی روشنی میں <p>The inert implementation&nbsp;is absolutely extinct amongst the early Hadith scrutineers&nbsp; which is prevalent amongst the latter Hadith scholars. Moreso&nbsp; the main reason behind this inertia of complexity in terminologies has been a conscious or subconscious&nbsp;influence of Greek&nbsp;logic which had its impact on all disciplines of knowledge. The Islamic and Arabic disciplines including Uloom ul Hadith fell under its influence too. Consequently, its viable impact upon the later scrutineers of Hadith has been that while defining every single terminology, they endeavored to make it as comprehensively definite as it could be. Contrarily the same terminologies have been used by the early Hadith scholars in a much wider and liberal scope.&nbsp;&nbsp;“Sahih” is one such terminology which has been used for more than one meaning /sense by the early Hadith scholars. The discussion below deals with and elaborated upon the multiple usage of the cited terminology in the light of&nbsp;its usage and texts by early Haith Scholars.</p> Noor Ur Rehman Hazarvi, Dr. Muhammad Imran, Dr-Zia Ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400 ہندو مسلم ثقافتوں کے تناظر میں پاکستان میں مذہبی رواداری کا تحقیقی جائزہ <p>Religion, culture and civilization are necessary for human beings to live, as human life is inextricably linked. They are also inextricably linked. Conceptually, the existence of these concepts is also related to the existence of humanity as a nature has made religion the soul, culture the basis of nature and civilization, unless a human mind accepts these things, no one can accept it. The perfect man cannot say.Religion, culture and civilization have changed along with the times, because all of them are related to society, and it’s related to individuals. When the individuals changed, society changed, and this changing the society affected them. Left their mark, but their relationship remained the same as it had been from the beginning.Since Pakistan came into being in the name of Islam, although Islam is the largest religion and the influence of Islamic culture and civilization, but as an Islamic country, the rights of minorities are also upheld here. There are followers of small religions whose religion, culture and civilization are taken care of. It is difficult to mention all the religions and cultures of Pakistan in this short article. However, the introduction of Hindu-Muslim culture and civilization, and finally, religious tolerance, will be mentioned in the following order:</p> <p>Introduction to culture and civilization</p> <p>Introduction to Hindu religion and culture</p> <p>Introduction to the religion of Islam and culture&nbsp;</p> <p>Finally, a brief mention of the religious tolerance of Islam, and its conclusion.</p> Dr. Syed Mahmood-ul-Hassan Hashimi, Adil Shah Copyright (c) 2023 Sun, 25 Jun 2023 00:00:00 -0400